Guiyang County is a millennium ancient county with a long history in Hunan Province. It was established in the Western Han Dynasty. It has jurisdiction over the southern Hunan and northern Guangdong，with a history of more than 2,200 years. It is known as the “Famous District of Southern Chu, the ancient county of Western Han Dynasty”.
Guiyang county is located in the west of Chenzhou city,north of Nanling Mountain chain,with a total area of 2,937 square kilometers and a total population of 918,500.It administers 17 towns,3 streets and 2 townships.
Guiyang county “Xixi Hot Pepper pastoral complex”,featured town project recommendation .
Guiyang County has successfully established the Chongling River National Level Wetland Park, the National Level Landscape Garden County, the Hunan Provincial Level Historical and Cultural County, the Hunan Provincial Level Hygiene County, and it has been nominated by the National Civilized County.
The vegetable planting area of Guiyang County is
About 133.3 square kilometers, including 23.3 square kilometers of pepper planting area.
There are 34 agricultural product processing enterprises above the municipal level in Guiyang County, including 6 national and provincial level agricultural enterprises. In 2018, the sales income was 22.33 billion yuan.
“Guiyang Wuzhao Hot Pepper” is mainly distributed in Fangyuan Town and Taihe Town, Guiyang County, Hunan Province. It is located in the north of Qitian Ridge at an altitude of 400-800 meters. It is distributed in a belt-like area. The soil is dominated by red soil. It is rich in minerals such as iron, phosphorus, calcium and strontium. The area belongs to the subtropical monsoon humid climate zone. The rain is abundant, the sunshine is sufficient, the temperature difference between day and night is large, and the daytime has a short high-temperature sunshine. In addition, it is watered by local high-quality mountain spring water, and its unique spicy quality is cast.
“Guiyang Wuzhao Hot Pepper”was introduced to China through Guangdong and Guangxi provinces in the middle and late Ming Dynasty. According to the records of 《Guiyang County Records》, when Emperor Ming Zhengde went down to Jiangnan, he was infected with cold ，after eating “Guiyang Wuzhao Hot pepper” and healed. Since then,“Guiyang Wuzhao Hot Pepper” has been declared as a court tribute, continuing to the early years of the Republic of China with far and wide reputations . In recent years, “Guiyang Wuzhao Hot Pepper” and its products have been favored by consumers in the domestic market and enjoy high popularity.
“Guiyang Wuzhao hot pepper” is a kind of pepper with unique flavor and excellent variety planted on the red soil of low-latitude and high-altitude mountainous areas of southern Hunan province. Because every 5 peppers are self-contained, they are tall and straight, and they are named for resembling animal claws. It has the characteristics of bright red fruit, thin flesh, strong spicy taste, small individual, fast taste and strong ability to minus the fishy smell. It is the best of the Wuzhao peppers and has always been regarded as the treasure by urban and rural residents of Guiyang.
The leading enterprises in pepper industry in Guiyang county have signed a cooperative development agreement with Vegetable Research Institute of Hunan Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Zou Xuexiao, who is the president of Hunan Agricultural University, the only academician of pepper in the world, to establish a pepper academician workstation in Guiyang county, dedicated to the purification and rejuvenation and the top quality and high yield of“Guiyang Wuzhao Hot Pepper” in Guiyang.
Since 2018, Guiyang county has established a provincial level demonstration county for the integrated development of primary, secondary and tertiary industries of pepper in rural areas, expanded the scale of “Wuzhao Hot Pepper”cultivation in Guiyang, extended the industrial chain, promoted targeted poverty alleviation in rural areas and increased incomes of farmers, carried forward the pepper culture, and promoted the integrated development of primary, secondary and tertiary industries in rural areas.
Primary industry: in 2019, the leading enterprises and academician workstation carried out the research on the purification and rejuvenation of the seeds of “Guiyang Wuzhao Hot Pepper” and the breeding of new varieties of peppers in low-altitude areas; set up the pepper industry association of Guiyang county, has applied for “Guiyang Wuzhao Hot Pepper”national geographic indication products. In 2020, the leading enterprises plan to build two planting demonstration areas of "Guiyang Wuzhao Hot Pepper" and each demonstration area is about 1000 mu(0.67 square kilometers) . The contract farming will reach about 66.6square kilometers, among which, the planting area of “Guiyang Wuzhao Pepper” will reach about 33.3 square kilometers.
Secondary industry: Two new high-end chili sauce production lines, with high-quality chili peppers, automatic production lines and aseptic vacuum technology are built to produce high-end chili sauce products to meet the high-end market demand at home and abroad. In 2019, a ventilated warehouse, a cold storage, and a high-end chili sauce production line with an annual production capacity of 1 billion yuan have been built. By 2020, the output value of pepper processing will reach 500 million yuan. By 2021, the annual output value of pepper processing will exceed 1 billion yuan.
Tertiary industry：Set up the construction of “Xixi Pepper Cultural Tourism Zone” in Fangyuan Town, Guiyang County, the establishment of the “World Pepper Forum” Guiyang Permanent Meeting Site, and the annual World pepper forum Annual Meeting and the World Pepper Culture Festival.To build the worldwide pepper culture and Chinese agricultural national 5A tourist scenic spot, promote the development of rural tourism, and establish the worldwide pepper star town